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The Pirc / Modern

Eigenschaften

192 Seiten, kartoniert, Everyman, 2003

Aus der Reihe »Starting Out«

17,95 €
Inkl. 5% MwSt., zzgl. Versandkosten

These books are perfect for enthusiastic chess players who are starting out in the game, and who are seeking to understand the basic principles behind these important openings. These books are written in a user-friendly style with an abundance of notes, tips and warnings scattered throughout while key strategies, ideas and tactics for both sides are clearly illustrated. The authors of these books are very skilled and experienced chess writers, who are used to writing for players of all levels and are renowned for their ability to explain ideas in a lucid and straightforward manner.

Grandmaster Joe Gallagher was the 2001 British champion

Ideal for those wanting to understand the basics of the Pirc/Modern.

The very closely linked Pirc and Modern Defences are dynamic systems that are favoured by ambitious, counter-attacking players. Black plays very much in a hypermodern fashion, allowing White to build an unopposed pawn centre with the idea of plotting its eventual downfall. In this new book, Grandmaster Joe Gallagher goes back to basics, studying the fundamental principles of the Pirc/Modern and its numerous variations. Throughout the book there are plenty of notes, tips and warnings to guide the improving player, while important strategies, ideas and tactics for both sides are clearly illustrated.

- User-friendly design to help readers absorb ideas

- Concentrates on the key principles of the Pirc and Modern

- Ideal for the improving player

Former British Champion Joe Gallagher is an English Grandmaster who has been living in Switzerland for a number of years and is a regular member of the Swiss national team. His many books have deservedly earned him a reputation as a top class writer. His previous works include The Magic of Mikhail Tal and Starting Out: The King's Indian.

The Pirc and Modern Defences are two closely related openings based around the fianchetto of Black's king's bishop. The main starting position of the Pirc arises after the moves 1 e4 d6 2 d4 Nf6 3 Nc3 g6 and it is a defence to 1 e4. In the Modern Black starts with 1...g6 and 2...Bg7 and it can be played against 1 e4, 1 d4 or virtually anything else. Thus one of the great advantages of the Pirc/Modern is that there is no need to learn separate systems against 1 e4 and 1 d4. The Pirc is the more structured of the two variations as White is forced to defend his e-pawn on move 3. In the Modern White is under no such obligation and he can take even more space in the centre with 3 c4. If White doesn't take up this option, and usually only players who play 1 d4 will consider it as it gives Black the chance to transpose into the King's Indian Defence, then in the majority of cases the two openings will simply merge into one. For example, after 1 e4 g6 2 d4 Bg7 3 Nc3 d6 (the Modern move order) 4 Nf3 Black will usually play 4...Nf6 transposing directly into the Classical Variation of the Pirc (Chapters 3-4), whilst 4 f4 Nf6 is the Austrian Attack (Chapters 1 and 2). Consequently the lion's share of this book (Chapters 1-9) deals with the Pirc with the last two chapters concentrating on lines that are exclusive to the Modern Defence, as well as a discussion on the differences between the two variations in Chapter 10.

Objective/Style

Although a whole book on the Pirc/Modern will obviously be of most use to those who wish to play this variation as Black, I have tried to be objective in my assessments and not exaggerated the strength of the black position. The fact of life is that, whatever opening you choose, it can be difficult playing Black. The important thing is to select an opening that suits your style. The Pirc/Modern should appeal to those who are willing to take risks to unbalance the game, and not so much to those whose attitude when playing Black is to try and neutralise White's in-built advantage of moving first. That said, the future direction of the game really depends on White as he can choose between lines ranging from the ultra-sharp to the ultra-solid.

My Pirc/Modern Credentials

It has to be said that the majority of my experience in this opening has been on the white side. I used to play it as a junior against 1 e4 but gave it up after I became addicted to the Sicilian Najdorf. However, in the last few years I have reintroduced it into my repertoire as my second choice opening against both 1 e4 and 1 d4. I would not claim to be a great theoretical expert on the opening (at least not before this book!) but I believe I have quite a good feel for the positions that arise. This is mainly thanks to my great experience in the King's Indian, an opening that shares many of the same ideals as the Pirc/Modern.

The 'Starting Out' Series

As can be gauged from the title this is not a book aimed at the master player who has played the Pirc/Modern for many years and is looking for the latest novelty on move 20. For you it may still serve as a refresher course in basic Pirc/Modern strategy, but the book is aimed mainly at the inexperienced player or more experienced players whose knowledge of the Pirc/Modern is limited. Heavy theoretical variations have been kept to a minimum and the emphasis placed on explaining the ideas behind the moves. When I have felt that long variations are essential (Chapter 1, for example) then I have tried to talk you through them. Throughout the book important concepts have been highlighted by way of notes, tips and warnings. Another feature of the book is that each subsection has one paragraph entitled 'Theoretical' and another 'Statistics'. Under Theoretical' we discuss whether it is necessary to burn the midnight oil learning variations or whether it is possible to get by on general principles. The statistics section is a useful guide to which side has been performing better in a variation, but no more than that. All the statistics have been taken from the 2003 MegaBase from ChessBase.

These books are perfect for enthusiastic chess players who are starting out in the game, and who are seeking to understand the basic principles behind these important openings. These books are written in a user-friendly style with an abundance of notes, tips and warnings scattered throughout while key strategies, ideas and tactics for both sides are clearly illustrated. The authors of these books are very skilled and experienced chess writers, who are used to writing for players of all levels and are renowned for their ability to explain ideas in a lucid and straightforward manner.

Grandmaster Joe Gallagher was the 2001 British champion

Ideal for those wanting to understand the basics of the Pirc/Modern.

The very closely linked Pirc and Modern Defences are dynamic systems that are favoured by ambitious, counter-attacking players. Black plays very much in a hypermodern fashion, allowing White to build an unopposed pawn centre with the idea of plotting its eventual downfall. In this new book, Grandmaster Joe Gallagher goes back to basics, studying the fundamental principles of the Pirc/Modern and its numerous variations. Throughout the book there are plenty of notes, tips and warnings to guide the improving player, while important strategies, ideas and tactics for both sides are clearly illustrated.

- User-friendly design to help readers absorb ideas

- Concentrates on the key principles of the Pirc and Modern

- Ideal for the improving player

Former British Champion Joe Gallagher is an English Grandmaster who has been living in Switzerland for a number of years and is a regular member of the Swiss national team. His many books have deservedly earned him a reputation as a top class writer. His previous works include The Magic of Mikhail Tal and Starting Out: The King's Indian.

The Pirc and Modern Defences are two closely related openings based around the fianchetto of Black's king's bishop. The main starting position of the Pirc arises after the moves 1 e4 d6 2 d4 Nf6 3 Nc3 g6 and it is a defence to 1 e4. In the Modern Black starts with 1...g6 and 2...Bg7 and it can be played against 1 e4, 1 d4 or virtually anything else. Thus one of the great advantages of the Pirc/Modern is that there is no need to learn separate systems against 1 e4 and 1 d4. The Pirc is the more structured of the two variations as White is forced to defend his e-pawn on move 3. In the Modern White is under no such obligation and he can take even more space in the centre with 3 c4. If White doesn't take up this option, and usually only players who play 1 d4 will consider it as it gives Black the chance to transpose into the King's Indian Defence, then in the majority of cases the two openings will simply merge into one. For example, after 1 e4 g6 2 d4 Bg7 3 Nc3 d6 (the Modern move order) 4 Nf3 Black will usually play 4...Nf6 transposing directly into the Classical Variation of the Pirc (Chapters 3-4), whilst 4 f4 Nf6 is the Austrian Attack (Chapters 1 and 2). Consequently the lion's share of this book (Chapters 1-9) deals with the Pirc with the last two chapters concentrating on lines that are exclusive to the Modern Defence, as well as a discussion on the differences between the two variations in Chapter 10.

Objective/Style

Although a whole book on the Pirc/Modern will obviously be of most use to those who wish to play this variation as Black, I have tried to be objective in my assessments and not exaggerated the strength of the black position. The fact of life is that, whatever opening you choose, it can be difficult playing Black. The important thing is to select an opening that suits your style. The Pirc/Modern should appeal to those who are willing to take risks to unbalance the game, and not so much to those whose attitude when playing Black is to try and neutralise White's in-built advantage of moving first. That said, the future direction of the game really depends on White as he can choose between lines ranging from the ultra-sharp to the ultra-solid.

My Pirc/Modern Credentials

It has to be said that the majority of my experience in this opening has been on the white side. I used to play it as a junior against 1 e4 but gave it up after I became addicted to the Sicilian Najdorf. However, in the last few years I have reintroduced it into my repertoire as my second choice opening against both 1 e4 and 1 d4. I would not claim to be a great theoretical expert on the opening (at least not before this book!) but I believe I have quite a good feel for the positions that arise. This is mainly thanks to my great experience in the King's Indian, an opening that shares many of the same ideals as the Pirc/Modern.

The 'Starting Out' Series

As can be gauged from the title this is not a book aimed at the master player who has played the Pirc/Modern for many years and is looking for the latest novelty on move 20. For you it may still serve as a refresher course in basic Pirc/Modern strategy, but the book is aimed mainly at the inexperienced player or more experienced players whose knowledge of the Pirc/Modern is limited. Heavy theoretical variations have been kept to a minimum and the emphasis placed on explaining the ideas behind the moves. When I have felt that long variations are essential (Chapter 1, for example) then I have tried to talk you through them. Throughout the book important concepts have been highlighted by way of notes, tips and warnings. Another feature of the book is that each subsection has one paragraph entitled 'Theoretical' and another 'Statistics'. Under Theoretical' we discuss whether it is necessary to burn the midnight oil learning variations or whether it is possible to get by on general principles. The statistics section is a useful guide to which side has been performing better in a variation, but no more than that. All the statistics have been taken from the 2003 MegaBase from ChessBase.

Weitere Informationen
Gewicht 370 g
Hersteller Everyman
Breite 17,4 cm
Höhe 24,5 cm
Medium Buch
Erscheinungsjahr 2003
Autor Joe Gallagher
Reihe Starting Out
Sprache Englisch
ISBN-10 1857443365
ISBN-13 9781857443363
Seiten 192
Einband kartoniert

006 Bibliography

007 Introduction

009 1 Austrian Attack: 5...c5

029 2 Austrian Attack: 5...0-0

052 3 Classical: 6...c6

070 4 Classical: 6...Bg4 and 6...Nc6

082 5 Classical: Related Systems

099 6 4 Be3

114 7 White plays g2-g3

128 8 4 Bg5 and 4 Bc4

145 9 Odds and Ends

157 10 Modern with c2-c4 (Averbakh Variation)

171 11 Modern against 1 e4

188 Index of Variations

191 Index of Complete Games

044Acs-Spasov, Budapest 2000

032Afek-Grünfeld, Rishon Le Ziyyon 1993

095Ansell-Koneru, London 1999

037Asylguzhin-Magerramov, Abu Dhabi 1999

162 Atalik-Makhnev, Vladimir 2002

142Barua-Rogers, Calcutta 1988

020Beliavsky-Hodgson, Belgrade 1993

059Brynell-Beim, German Bundesliga 2001

102Bunzmann-Nikolic.P, German Bundesliga 1999

176 Delchev-Rey, Val Thorens 1996

091Dgebuadze-Claesen, Charleroi 2001

057Donaldson-Gurevich.D, USA 1989

066Dreev-Hickl, Nussloch 1996

184Enders-Gallagher, German Bundesliga 2002/03

067Finkel-Beim, Tel Aviv 1996

108Gallagher-Nyback, Stockholm 2002/03

076Golubev-Hoi, Hamburg 1999

181Grischuk-Bacrot, Dubai 2002

166Hellborg-Chernin, Stockholm 1998

179Hodgson-Norwood, British Championship 1989

120Kacheishvili-Vulicevic, New York 1998

104Kasparov-Topalov, Wijk aan Zee 1999

124Khenkin-Tkachiev, French League 1999

026Kindermann-Gurevich.M, Haifa 1989

074Kuczynski-Chernin, Budapest 1993

062Maksimovic-Todorcevic, Yugoslav Championship 1989

087Martens-Hansen.C, Amsterdam 1990

125Milov.V-Solak, Biel 2001

025 Ninov-Peev, Ulcinj 1997

014Nisipeanu-Badea, Romanian Team Championship 2000

109Pavasovic-Gallagher, Pula Zonal 2000

137Peng Xiaomin-Gallagher, Istanbul Olympiad 2000

165Petursson-Michalet, St Martin 1992

133Polgar.J-Lobron, Munich 1991

039Polgar.J-Smirin, Istanbul Olympiad 2000

013Polgar.J-Tregubov, Budapest 1992

019Prie-Chabanon, Cannes 1995

148Rausis-Davies, Dhaka 2001

111Reefat-Marin, Bled Olympiad 2002

073Ribli-Nunn, German Bundesliga 1990

096Ryan-Gallagher, Isle of Man 2001

151Sadler-Hodgson, German Bundesliga 1999

154Semier-Gallagher, French League 2003

185Sermek-Murshed, Dhaka 2002

056Shahade-Nyback, Bermuda 2002

050Shirov-Volokitin, Halkidiki 2002

036Smirin-Rublevsky, Bastia 1999

169Speelman-Norwood, 4NCL Birmingham 2001

021 Stefansson-Gurevich.M, Tilburg 1994

086 Sutovsky-Hodgson, York 1999

080Tal-Petrosian, USSR 1974

131Ulibin-Himdan, Abu Dhabi 2002

058Van der Werf-Hansen.C, Wijk aan Zee 1993

119Van Wijgerden-Hulak, Amsterdam 1977

048Yemelin-Loncar, Rijeka 2001

093Zapata-Schussler, Santa Clara 1996

Experte ist er für Königsindisch und das Königsgambit, der englische GM mit dem Schweizer Pass, und gegen 1.e4 spielt Joseph G. Gallagher am liebsten Sizilianisch-Najdorf - die Pirc-Verteidigung ist eher seine Zweite Wahl, schreibt er im Vorwort. Auch kenne er sie mehr von der weißen Seite her, und der große Pirc-Theoretiker sei er gleich gar nicht, "...at least not before this book!". Aber er habe ein gutes Gespür für solche Stellungen, eben wegen seiner profunden Königsindisch-Kenntnis.

Auch sonst schlägt Gallagher unge­wohnte Töne an: Klar schreibt er zu ei­nigen Varianten, dass Schwarz hart ar­beiten muss, um auszugleichen - die meisten seiner Musterpartien gewinnt Weiß.

Zu jeder Hauptvariante hat der Autor eine CB-Statistik aus der MegaBase 2003 parat mit der %-Erfolgsquote von Weiß und dem mittleren Elo-Rating von W/S. Auch liefert er keine Variantenflut, aber ein typisches Reper­toire-Buch ist dieses Starting out auch nicht. Hatte Gallagher in seiner viel ge­lobten Königsindisch-Einführung (Starting out: The King's Indiari) noch begeistert für die Schwarze Seite ge­schrieben, bleibt er jetzt neutral bis kri­tisch. Pirc/Modern aus Sicht von Weiß kommt bei ihm nie zu kurz, eher ist das Gegenteil der Fall. Der Autor legt Wert auf eine klare Buchstruktur - hier sein Lehrschema zu jeder Hauptvariante:

  • Eine Einleitung stellt kurz die wich­tigsten Abspiele vor,
  • dann wird die erforderliche Strategy besprochen.
  • Ein kleiner Absatz (Theoreticat) sagt dem Lernenden, ob für die Variante viel Theorie zu pauken ist oder es reicht, die allgemeinen (Pirc-)Prinzipien zu kennen.
  • Die Hauptvarianten werden mit Statistics unterfüttert,
  • dann wird die Theorie anhand von 56 Musterpartien erklärt (meist nach 1990 gespielt).
  • Jede Hauptvariante schließt mit ei­nem Summary.

Inhalt und Gewichtung Die Austrian Attack behandelt Gallag­her auf 43 Seiten (1.e4 d6 2.d4 Sf6 3.Sc3 g6 4.f4 ...), mit den Varianten 5..c5 und 5..0-0 in separaten Kapiteln. Die Classical Variation (47 Seiten; 1. e4 d6 2.d4 Sf6 3.Sc3 g6 4.Sf3 Lg7 5.Le2 0-0 6.0-0) wird komplettiert durch die Modern Classical mit 5.h3, 6.Le3 und den recht neuen, in seiner Idee zwar simplen aber gefährlichen Angriff von Weiß mit 5.Le3, in Eng­land als 150 Attack bekannt (1 .e4 d6 2. d4 Sf6 3.Sc3 g6 4.Lg7 5. Le3). Das englische BCF-Rating von 150 entspricht etwa 1800 Elo, es ist sozusagen der Angriff der 1800er ge­gen Pirc. Die Idee von Weiß: Le3, Dd2, h6 und Königsangriff über die h-Linie. Gallagher zeigt mit vier Par­tien, worauf Schwarz achten muss, will er nicht schnell untergehen, und empfiehlt u. a. 5..a6, z. B. 6.Dd2 b5 7. Lh6 0-0 8.Ld3 Sc6! 9.Lxg7 Kxg7. Falls Weiß jetzt forsch 10.e5 zieht, wird er taktisch überrascht: 10...de5 11.de5 Sg4 12.Df4 (12.0-0-0 b4 13. Sb1 Dd5) Scxe5! 13.Sxe5 Dd6! und der gefesselte wS geht verloren. An solchen Details wird deutlich, dass Gallagher im Vorwort zu bescheiden war. Er hat sich intensiv mit der Pirc-Theorie beschäftigt, sein Buch ist ak­tuell, überprüft Bekanntes und bringt Neues.

Die Weiß-Aufbauten mit g3, 4.Le3, 4. Lg5 und 4. Lc4 werden jeweils in eigenen Kapiteln behandelt. Eng verwandt mit Pirc ist die Moder­ne Verteidung (MV): Nach 1.e4 g6, 2. d4 Lg7 verzichtet Schwarz auf frühes ...Sf6. Die Vor- und Nachteile zu Pirc wägt Gallagher sorgsam ab; sein Fazit: Der weniger Erfahrene sollte Pirc vor­ziehen, denn "In the Modern Black breaks a lot of rules ...". Nur wer die rules gut kenne, möge sie bewusst verletzen und diese Verteidigung spielen. Entsprechend knapp handelt der Autor die MV ab mit 30 Seiten und 9 Partien; die ersten 14 Seiten erörtern vor allem die Awerbach-Variante mit c4, zum Beispiel 1.d4 g6 2.c4 Lg7 3.Sc3 d6 4.e4 und jetzt nicht ...Sf6, sondern das tricky 4...Sc6, 4...Sd7 oder 4...e5. Wie gesagt, Gallagher ist ein Freund klarer Worte, sein Fazit am Ende des Awerbach-Kapitels: "Schwarz sollte ernsthaft über 4...Sf6 nachdenken. Als erfahrener Königsindisch-Spieler werde ich das Gefühl nicht los, dass all diese [Awerbach-]Varianten der Mo­dernen Verteidigung dem Königsin­disch unterlegen sind." Die letzten 16 Textseiten behandeln die Moderne Verteidigung gegen 1.e4 mit dem Schwerpunkt auf 3...c6. An einigen Stellen hätte ich dazu gern etwas mehr erfahren - ein Beispiel aus dem Vereinsschach: Nach 1.e4 g6 2.d4 Lg7 3.Sc3 c6 4.Sf3 d5 erwähnt Gallagher nur 5.h3, um das Feld g4 zu kontrollieren, und so spielen Titel­träger auch regelmäßig. Amateure aber können dem sofortigen Vorstoß 5.e5 selten widerstehen - prompt kann Schwarz seinen heiklen c8-Läufer ak­tivieren (5...Lg4). MV-Spieler bekom­men die Stellung in Open serienweise aufs Brett, Gallagher erwähnt sie mit keinem Wort.

Das großformatige Buch ist einspaltig gesetzt, mit breitem Rand, der sich gut für Notizen eignet; der Verlag nutzte ihn für Symbole, die auf fett gedruck­te Merksätze hinweisen: Es gibt den Totenkopf (Warning!), das Notizbrett (Note) und die Glühbirne (Tipp}. Auch die Textzüge sind in fetter Schrift ge­setzt und heben sich klar von Varianten und Kommentaren ab. Überhaupt ist das moderne Lay-out des Buches gut gelungen, also leser- und damit lern­freundlich. Im Anhang helfen Register zu Varianten und Partien beim Su­chen in den 192 Seiten.

Fazit

Eine gute, weil praxis-orientierte, aktuelle und kompakte Einführung in die Pirc- und Moderne Verteidi­gung. Eingebunden in 56 Muster­partien, wird die etablierte Theorie kritisch überprüft, gelegentlich kor­rigiert und um neue

Ideen erweitert. Dr. Erik Rausch, Rochade Europa 11/2003